E-cigarettes that were first introduced to the market in 2007 have developed a reputation of being safer alternatives to conventional smoking. Being a relatively new product, the long term side effects of the same are unknown. However, with increasing levels of traditional cigarette consumption, the occurrence rates of cancer and even respiratory diseases have increased. As an instant repercussion, e-cigarettes have gained momentum and popularity. They are also called electronic cigarettes. On the other hand, vaporizer cigarettes work based on a simple heating mechanism. They emit zero smoke and have flexibility in terms of nicotine content and their strengths. The nicotine content in the e-cigarette is healthier than the 4,000 odd lethal chemicals which are present in regular cigarettes.
The flavored fuel
The e-cigarettes work on a fuel called eliquid which releases the nicotine and flavoring of your choice as you begin smoking. The lowest amount of nicotine is usually 0 mg which means that the user does not wish to have nicotine and the highest goes to 24 mg of nicotine in the liquid. The base ingredients are usually made of PG (Propylene Glycol), VG (Vegetable Glycerin), and give a smooth flavoring to the fluid. PG is widely used as a flavoring carrier in processed food products and even as a food coloring agent in various medicines. Vegetable Glycerin is sweet and sticky in nature but a combination of both is widely recommended in the process of preparing the fluids. A normal fluid contains a standard flow of 70% PG/VG or 30% to 50% PG/VG. Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin are mixed to give a natural or artificial set of flavors to the fluid. Flavors often comprise vanilla, green apple or even a unique concoction for interesting recipes.
The fuel mechanism in the e-cigarette
The aerosols in the e-cigarette are created when the fluid hits an optimal temperature. The temperature is usually between 100–250 °C within the chamber. Inside the chamber, the cartridge or mouthpiece gets automatically activated. The mouthpiece actually contains a sensor which gets activated when the user sucks on the same. This triggers the heating in the atomizer bridge which contains the drip tip drenched in the fluid. The battery of the e-cigarette device is rechargeable and is a lithium-ion battery. The battery component is the largest part of the device and is sensitive and delicate and needs to be taken proper care of. Since there are a large variety of flavors available, one can experience the same feeling as one gets when one smokes a traditional cigarette. The reason being the flavors are so strong that you would not feel the taste of the tobacco burning or nicotine entering your system.
Possible side effects
A lot of research has been carried out to study the negative effects of PG (Propylene Glycol) and VG (Vegetable Glycerin) in the human body. As discussed earlier, these form an integral part of the eliquid. If taken in a concentrated form, Propylene Glycol causes nausea and dry throat along with a nasty headache. On the other hand, Vegetable Glycerin increases the risk of experiencing a dry mouth and parched throat when used in the e-cigarette.