What is the Difference between Manual and Automated Testing in Software Development?

Manual Testing

In manual testing, the QA or the Quality Analyst makes sure that the apps are working for defined test cases. Despite, manual testing involves a lot of effort, a software app testing is simply impossible without it. There are many tests that cannot be automated and needs a human touch to validate its quality. The tests which cannot be automated and requires manual touch are:

  1. Ad hoc testing

This is performed without any test cases. A QA randomly tests the workflow, functionality, break rigidity, creative app features, and confront the flaws.

  1. Exploratory testing

This test aims at product analysis as an explorer. Hence, the QA is dependent on his personal experience to learn the product, its functionalities, scope etc. which helps him to write test cases for thorough testing in the imminent future.

  1. UI testing

The UI is the heart of an app and cannot be automated. In this, the QA validates the state, property, and usage of UI elements which guarantees that the interface completes the final layout of the software.

Manual testing lets you validate the app components such as the UI and usability which is not possible without the automated testing.

Automated Testing

This testing comprises a set of predefined set of actions that tend to be tested against a software app. In this, automated scripts are written, in order to check the functionality of the software. When automated testing is involved into the software development project, it signifies that there is no risk of human error and improved efficiency. Relying upon the project requirement, automated testing can be used to test many components of a software app which includes,

  1. Unit testing

It involves testing individual units or components of a software app. Usually, the purpose is to validate each and every component of the product functions as they are designed or anticipated in various scenarios.

  1. Functional Testing:

This testing is done for interoperability, testing code accuracy, compliance, and security. This is done with a goal for analysing the workflow of the project and the application’s ability to deliver results as per the design.

  1. Regression testing

This process helps in validating any alterations made in codebase which are not affecting or bringing forth any change in the predetermined components, functions or features of the software.

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